PRINCIPLES OF PERSON ORIENTED APPROACH IN TEACHING ESP
Introduction. The European language education recommendations advise to implement person oriented teaching in education, aimed at meeting students’ reqirements in their social context. In training future IT specialists it is important to promote their general development by using person oriented teaching by means of multi level approach to teaching ESP.
Purpose. The purpose of this article is to present the principles of person oriented teaching experienced in practice of using multi level approach while teaching ESP for IT-students.
Methods. Observation, discussion, questionnaire, experiment, and analysis of the activity results were used in research.
Results. Organizational principles to this approach are: previous determination of psychological readiness to studying; involving all students of a group to active participation; possibility to work in microgroups; solving personal problems. Previous determination of psychological readiness to studying needs a special questionnaire, containing questions in psychology and language tests. Involving all students of a group implies doing individualized tasks. Possibility to work in microgroups means mutual doing of one category tasks. Principle of solving personal problems needs a teacher’s tactful attitude to the student’s personality, knowledge, age peculiarities, tendency of psychological development, and consideration their cognitive style.
Originality. It was the first time that organisational principles formed by experience were proposed.Conclusion. Person oriented teaching on the basis of multi level approach is a real means of solving the problem of students’ inequality in preparation. Upbringing impact raises students’ self-esteem and encourages them to self-perfection.
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