VOCATIONAL CONSULTING IN EUROPE IN ECONOMIC CRISIS

Alexander Leshchinsky

Abstract


Introduction. Integration into the EU involves studying the European experience of solving the problem of unemployment and finding ways to use it in the Ukraine. The most relevant for the Ukraine is experience of professional orientation and counseling in the context of the recent economic crisis in Europe. 

Purpose of the article – consider the peculiarities of vocational guidance counseling in the EU countries in the context of the economic crisis. 

Results. The analysis of changes in vocational guidance in the conditions of economic instability in the EU countries as a result of the global financial crisis is presented. The peculiarities of transition from the traditional model of vocational guidance to the individualized model are considered. The basic approaches of career counseling specialists to help the most vulnerable groups of the population are singled out.

Originality. The analysis of the most used theories of professional orientation during the economic crisis is given: Socio-cognitive career theory and Theory of life design. The main propositions of these theories in the approaches to career counseling are revealed. The experience of the EU countries shows the need to change the model of vocational guidance in the context of the economic crisis. Most experts consider it necessary to use an individualized model of vocational guidance counseling. Among the main components of such a model: the formation together with the client of an individual trajectory of employment; restoration and change of professional and personal identity; involvement of employees of the education system, employers, family members; creation and use of professional counseling networks. The most used and tested in a crisis have been the Social Cognitive Career Theory and the Theory of Life Design. 

Conclusion. Most experts consider it necessary to use an individualized model of vocational guidance counseling. Among the main components of such a model: the formation together with the client of an individual trajectory of employment; restoration and change of professional and personal identity; involvement of employees of the education system, employers, family members; creation and use of professional counseling networks; inclusion in new activities and assimilation of new roles; use the design of environment with the help of social networks


Keywords


vocational and career counseling; life design; social worker; social work; professional competencies

References


Radkevich V. Professional education and training: the European context of development. Journal of the Institute of Vocational Education of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. 2017. No. 4. S. 5-14 (in Ukr.)

Kotvitskaya AA Zhivora N.V., Kotenko O.M., Krasovskii IV Research of international experience on professional orientation and preparation of youth for employment. Social medicine and pharmacy. 2017. t.3.№ 1.С. 7-13 (in Ukr.)

Ponomarenko O.G. Domestic approaches and the pan-European trend of determining the professional orientation of youth. Actual problems of pedagogy, psychology and vocational education: a collection of scientific works. 2016 2. part 1. Pp. 20-26 (in Ukr.)

Ulychnyj I.L. European experience of professional orientation work. Scientific notes of the Kirovograd State Pedagogical University. 2015. Issue 140. pp. 151-156 (in Ukr.)

Ponikarovsaya S.V. European Experience of Professional Orientation: Germany, France. Pedagogy of the formation of a creative person in higher and secondary schools: a collection of scientific works. 2014. Issue 37. pp. 306-311 (in Ukr.)

Nota, L., Soresi, S., Ferrari, L., & Ginevra, M. C. Vocational designing and career counseling in Europe: Challenges and new horizons. European Psychologist. 2014.Vol. 19, 4, 248-259.

Sampson, J. P., Bullock-Yowell, E., Dozier, V. C., Osborn, D. S., & Lenz, J. G. (Eds.). Integrating theory, research, and practice in vocational psychology: Current status and future directions. Tallahassee, FL: Florida State University Libraries. 2017. 200 p. Retrieved 29/12/2017, from http://journals.fcla.edu/svp2016/

Sharf, R. S. (2013). Applying career development theory to counseling (6th ed.). Belmont, CA: Thomson Brooks/Cole.

Lent, R. W., Brown, S. D., & Hackett, G. (2000). Contextual supports and barriers to career choice: a social cognitive analysis. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 47, 36–49.

Savickas, M. L., Nota, L., Rossier, J., Dauwalder, J. P., Duarte, M. E., Guichard, J., van Vianen, A. E. M. (2009). Life designing: A paradigm for career construction in the 21st century. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 75, 239–250.

Bandura, A. (2009). Social cognitive theory goes global. The Psychologist. 22, 504–506.


Full Text: PDF (Українська)

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
   
Archive
2015 343 353 365 367 370  
2016 1 2 3 4 5 6
7 8 9 10 11 12
13 14 15 16 17 18
2017 1 2 3 4 5 6
7 8 9 10 11 12
13-14 15 16 17-18    
2018 1 2 3 4 5 6
  7 8 9 10-11 12 13
  14 15 16 17 18
2019 1 2        

User

Information

Journal Content

Browse

Language

Font Size