VOCATIONAL CONSULTING IN EUROPE IN ECONOMIC CRISIS
Introduction. Integration into the EU involves studying the European experience of solving the problem of unemployment and finding ways to use it in the Ukraine. The most relevant for the Ukraine is experience of professional orientation and counseling in the context of the recent economic crisis in Europe.
Purpose of the article – consider the peculiarities of vocational guidance counseling in the EU countries in the context of the economic crisis.
Results. The analysis of changes in vocational guidance in the conditions of economic instability in the EU countries as a result of the global financial crisis is presented. The peculiarities of transition from the traditional model of vocational guidance to the individualized model are considered. The basic approaches of career counseling specialists to help the most vulnerable groups of the population are singled out.
Originality. The analysis of the most used theories of professional orientation during the economic crisis is given: Socio-cognitive career theory and Theory of life design. The main propositions of these theories in the approaches to career counseling are revealed. The experience of the EU countries shows the need to change the model of vocational guidance in the context of the economic crisis. Most experts consider it necessary to use an individualized model of vocational guidance counseling. Among the main components of such a model: the formation together with the client of an individual trajectory of employment; restoration and change of professional and personal identity; involvement of employees of the education system, employers, family members; creation and use of professional counseling networks. The most used and tested in a crisis have been the Social Cognitive Career Theory and the Theory of Life Design.
Conclusion. Most experts consider it necessary to use an individualized model of vocational guidance counseling. Among the main components of such a model: the formation together with the client of an individual trajectory of employment; restoration and change of professional and personal identity; involvement of employees of the education system, employers, family members; creation and use of professional counseling networks; inclusion in new activities and assimilation of new roles; use the design of environment with the help of social networks
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