The specifics of socio-pedagogical work on re-socialization of drug addicts in the rehabilitation centers

Valentina Pavlovna Shpak

Abstract


Introduction. The problem of anesthesia is characterized as one of social one, the dissemination of which is reasonably a number of negative factors. It is accented on the fact that the need to address it due to the lack of active prevention of the spread of drug use among adolescents and young adults.
Purpose is disclosure of the specifics of socio-pedagogical work on re-socialization of drug addicts in the rehabilitation centers.
Results. The main challenges for the specialists of socio-pedagogical work: prevention of HIV and other infections among drug-dependent persons; identification and social support for injecting drug users. As in socio-pedagogical work with other types of clients advised to stick to basic principles (understanding instead of condemnation, voluntary and partnership instead of control, confidentiality, sincerity and trust, close cooperation with family, assistance for self-help, comprehensive care), as well as principles of effective treatment proposed by the Institute for the study of drug addiction at the National Institute of health, USA.
The attention is focused on the most common models of socio-pedagogical work on resocialization of drug addicts in a rehabilitation centers that focus on complete abstinence from drugs and aimed at reducing harm from drug use: medical, educational, and models of the self.
Among the varieties of the programs used in the process of socio-pedagogical work on resocialization of drug addicts in the rehabilitation centers, advantage provide preventive, curative and rehabilitation, as well as functional equivalents, family drug prevention, harm reduction and risk reduction, peer, religious, prevention.
Originality. Noteworthy are the types and forms of socio-pedagogical rehabilitation of drug addicts in the rehabilitation centers, as well as methods, which are usually classified into groups depending on the following criteria: purpose; end purpose; population; on the General principles of the impact on society; educational programmers; programmer of life skills.
Conclusion. All this allows us to describe the Ukrainian anti-drug policy as restrictive, which is characterized by a strong and hard fight against illicit drugs, their illegal market, as well as a humane attitude to drug addicts. At the national level, it is implemented in the form of legislative regulation of social relations, and regional – in the form of local programmers and activities, which
include the activities of numerous state agencies, public organizations, foundations and healing lodges. The activities of rehabilitation centers require further study.


Keywords


Socio-pedagogical work; socialization; prevention; drug addicts; model; program; forms; methods; rehabilitation center

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