Acmeological Approach in the Construction of Curriculum of Higher Education

Aleksandr Leschinsky

Abstract


Of philosophical reflection on the problems of high school shows that as a goal for higher education should be taken to prepare students for the creative professional activity that involves going beyond the current goal of adaptation to modernity must play the role of a subordinate agent. The basis of the appropriate methodology for learning content can be based on the principles of humanistic psychology and acmeology . The new pedagogical paradigm should be aimed at getting each student’s unique education necessary to him (or her) for disclosing individual creative abilities and skills of cooperation. The possibility of additional construction of the content of individualization of academic disciplines, specialty seems to give research on the psychology of personality (differential psychology) . In accordance with these studies, various psychological types of students will meet the different disciplines built . The study on the material in «Applied Linguistics» showed that educational disciplines may be submitted in accordance with the psychological portraits and types on D. Keyrsi (D. Keirsey’s temperaments) which are set not only different content, but also ways of learning activities . When types will meet different goals and approaches to the construction of the content of educational material will correspond differently organized structure and syllabus. The models of changing curriculum under acmeology paradigm are analyzed. Ways of improvement the curriculum using in psychological types are discussed.


Keywords


pedagogical acmeology; acmeological approach; higher education; curriculum; D. Keirsey temperament

References


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