Main Article Content
The article seeks to understand the intricate nature of listening comprehension, which largely depends on the specific features of spoken language. It proves that the effective listening process requires definite listening skills (recog- ?ition, identification, and selection), and different types of knowledge. The obtained results indicate that the ways of processing incoming information fall into two broad categories: bottom-up and topdown. The former implies using knowledge about sounds and word meanings, which helps to assemble the understanding of what the learner hears. The latter derives from utilizing the listener’s prior knowledge and their own experiences to comprehend the received input. The paper also reveals that a combination of live listening as well as extensive and intensive types of listening may appear fruitful in fostering oral comprehension competence. With the intention to demonstrate the practical validity of the exposed theoretical grounds, a corresponding methodology of shaping listening comprehension competence among students has been devised. The methodology encompasses three coherent stages (pre-listening, in-while listening, and after-listening), each of which is realized with a set of relevant activities that aim at simulating efficacious real-life communication. The proposed activities comprise semi-communicative and communicative tasks, which are elucidated and exemplified in the study
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